Professor Jane Wills
Professor of Human Geography
Tel: 020 7882 2752 (messages can be left on 020 7882 82
Location: Francis Bancroft building Room 2.03 (City Centre)
Over the past two decades my research has been on: (1) The changing geo-political-economy of work, employment, labour supply and labour politics; (2) New forms of urban political alliances with a particular interest in community organising and, more recently; (3) The politics and practice of localism in the UK.
Key projects and publications include:
- ESRC and Trust-for-London-funded research into the living wage campaign and the importance of community organising in fostering the political alliances on which it depends.
These articles provide a flavour of this research:
- Making class politics possible: Organising contract cleaners in London. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 2008, 32, 2, 305–24.
- The geography of community and political organisation in London. Political Geography, 2012, 31, 114–126.
- In-work poverty and the living wage in the United Kingdom: A geographical perspective. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38, forthcoming. (written with Brian Linneker)
- ESRC-funded research into low waged labour in London, the increasing dependence on foreign-born labour and the wider implications of this for policy, development and (in)justice. This work is written up in: Global Cities at Work: New migrant divisions of labour (Pluto, 2009) (researched and written with Kavita Datta, Yara Evans, Joanna Herbert, Jon May and Cathy McIlwaine).
- The MA in Community Organising launched in 2010 and taught in partnership with Citizens UK. My interest in community organising also underpins a new Leverhulme Funded project entitled Politics and Place that seeks to explore the history and practice of localism in the UK (LINK to the research tab below).
I teach the Masters and Postgraduate Certificate in Community Organising. In addition to practise working as a community organiser, training in research methods and the completion of a dissertation, students complete two taught modules:
GEG7401 Community Organising in Practice where we explore the nature of contemporary democracy, citizenship, community, political opportunity structures, social movements and campaigning, and we learn about engaging with different types of community (labour, faith, educational institutions and community development organisations).
GEG7405 Theory and History of Community Organising which covers theories of the common good, leadership, urban community formation and commodification, before looking at the lessons of community organising efforts in the USA and UK.
Classes are taught as seminars with plenty of opportunity for debate and discussion. Outside speakers make regular contributions to the classes and the Labour peer Maurice Glasman co-teaches the module entitled the Theory and History of Community Organising.
This programme has run since 2010. Student evaluations have been very positive and each cohort has performed very strongly with many getting merit and distinction awards. Students have taken the programme to support their careers as community development workers, arts-based community workers and trade union organisers, and others have gone on to develop new careers in community organising. You can find out more about students’ work and watch the films they have made by going to the programme web page (LINK).
Students value having practical experiences, meeting a range of different practitioners to hear them talk about their work, sharing experiences of their practical work and the chance for debate. One student said this was ‘one of the best things I’ve ever studied,’ and another said it had ‘opened my eyes to things I’ve never heard of before.’
1. Leverhulme-funded research into Localism in the UK (£158K, 2012-5)
This project aims to explore the reasons why the local is being mobilised and prioritised at this particular time; it considers people’s attitudes towards place and whether they want to take a greater role in political life and the conditions in which they do so; it charts the outcomes of top-down and bottom-up localism and determine whether localism is a viable route to democratic renewal in the UK. The research aims to take a national view of the localism agenda, its rationale and its impact in different parts of the country including rural and urban, rich and poor, well and weakly organised communities. It is designed to explore the scope for engaging people on the basis of their locality, the conditions in which this proves possible and the limits to the current models of localism.
2. ESRC and Trust-for-London-funded research into the living wage campaign
I have been mapping the development of the campaign for a living wage in London since 2001 and in the wider UK since the formation of the Living Wage Foundation in 2011. I have published research into the alliance behind the campaign and the costs and benefits of the living wage in London.
3. ESRC-funded research into London’s Migrant Divisions of Labour (£240K, 2005–09)
Working with colleagues, Kavita Datta, Yara Evans, Joanna Herbert, Jon May and Cathy McIlwaine, the Global Cities at Work project mapped the role and implications of foreign-born workers in London’s low paid jobs. This research highlighted the importance of immigration, subcontracting and benefit entitlements in shaping London’s migrant division of labour.
To BUY a discounted copy of Global Cities at Work, click here:
- Global cities at work: New migrant divisions of labour. Pluto, London, 2010. Written with Kavita Datta, Yara Evans, Joanna Herbert, Jon May and Cathy McIlwaine.
- Threads of labour: Garment industry supply chains from the workers’ perspective. Blackwell, Oxford, 2005. Edited with Angela Hale.
- Place, space and the new labour internationalisms. Blackwell, Oxford, 2001. Edited with Peter Waterman.
- Union Futures: Building networked trade unionism in the UK.
Fabian Ideas pamphlet 602. 2002. pp. 59. This publication is available from the Fabian Society, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Dissident geographies: An introduction to radical ideas and practice. Longman, London. Prentice Hall (Pearson), London, 2000. Written with Alison Blunt.
- Geographies of economies. Arnold, London, 1997. Edited with Roger Lee.
Journal Papers and book chapters:
- Taking on the cosmocorps: Experiments in trans-national labor organization. Economic Geography, 1998, 74, 111-130.
- Managing European Works Councils in British firms. Human Resource Management Journal, 1999, 9, 4, 19-38.
- Great expectations: Three years in the life of one EWC. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 2000, 6, 83-105.
- Uneven geographies of capital and labour: the lessons of European Works Councils. Antipode, 2001, 33, 484-509.
- Community unionism and trade union renewal in the UK: Moving beyond the fragments at last? Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 2001, 26, 465-483.
- Bargaining for the space to organise in the global economy: A review of the Accor–IUF trade union rights agreement. Review of International Political Economy, 2002, 9, 675-700.
- The Geography of Union Organising in Low-Paid Service Industries in the UK: Lessons from the T&G’s Campaign to Unionise the Dorchester Hotel, London Antipode, 2005, 37.
- Building reciprocal community unionism in the UK. Capital and Class, 2004, 82, 59-84. Written with Melanie Simms.
- The geography of union organising in low paid service industries in the UK: lessons from the T&G’s campaign to unionise the Dorchester Hotel, London. Antipode, 2005, 37, 139-59.
- Globalisation and Protest, in P. Cloke, P. Crang and M. Goodwin (eds) Introducing human geographies (second edition). London: Arnold. 2005, 573-587.
- Networking for workers rights in the garment industry. Global Networks, 2007, 7, 3. Written with Angela Hale.
- Making class politics possible: Organizing contract cleaners in London. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 2008, 32, 2, 305-24.
- The living wage. Soundings: A journal of politics and culture, 2009, 42, 33-46.
- The London Living Wage in A. Kumar, J. A. Scholte, M. Kaldor, M. Glasius, H. Seckinelgin and H. Anheier (eds) Global Civil Society Yearbook 2009: Poverty and activism. London: Sage.
- Subcontracted employment and its challenge to labour. Labor Studies Journal, special issue on community unionism, 2009, 34, 4. Note: this paper was the most downloaded article in 2010 in this journal (of all articles published in 2009 and 2010).
- Identity making for action: the example of London Citizens, in M. Wetherell (Ed) Theorizing Identities and Social Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 157–76.
- The multi-scalarity of trade union practice, in S. McGrath-Champ, A. Herod and A. Rainnie (eds) Handbook of employment and society: Working space. Edward Elgar, 2010, 383–97. Written with J. Anderson and P. Hamilton.
- Academic agents for change. City, 2010, 14, 6, 616–18.
- The geography of community and political organisation in London. Political Geography, 2012 , 31, 114–126.
- London’s Olympics in 2012: The good, the bad and an organising opportunity. Political Geography, 2013, see early online publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2012.12.003
- Place and politics, in Featherstone, D and Painter, J. (eds) Spatial politics: Essays for Doreen Massey. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, 135–145.
- Wills, J. and Linneker, B. (2013) In-work poverty and the living wage in the UK: A geographical perspective. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38.
- Flint, E. Cummins, S and Wills, J. (2013) Investigating the effect of the London living wage on the psychological wellbeing of low-wage service sector employees: a feasibility study. Journal of Public Health.
The following are all written with Kavita Datta, Yara Evans, Joanna Herbert, Jon May and Cathy McIlwaine, from ESRC-funded research called Global Cities at Work:
- Keeping London working: Global cities, the British state, and London’s new migrant division of labour. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 2007, 32, 151–67.
- Subcontracting by stealth in London’s hotels: impacts and implications for labour organising. Just Labor: A Canadian journal of work and society, 2007, 10, 85–97.
- From coping strategies to tactics: London’s low pay economy and migrant labour. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 2007, 45, 2, 404–32.
- The new development finance or exploiting migrant labour? Remittance sending among low-paid migrant workers in London, International Development Planning Review, 2007, 29, 1.
- Multicultural living? Experiences of everyday racism among Ghanaian migrants in London. European Urban and Regional Studies, 15, 2, 103–117. London’s Migrant Division of Labour. European Urban and Regional Studies special issue on Regions and migration, 2009, 3: 257–271.
- Religion at work: The role of faith-based organisations in living wage campaigns for immigrant workers in London. Special issue entitled Transforming Work, The Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 2009, 2, 3, 443–62.
- Men on the move: narratives of migration and work among low-paid migrant men in London. Social & Cultural Geography, 10, Issue 8, 2009: 853–873.
- Global Cities at Work: Migrant labour in low paid employment in London, The London Journal, 2010, 35, 1.
- Migrant Workers and the Global City, Sociology Review, 2010, 13–16.
- A migrant ethic of care? Negotiating care and caring among migrant workers in London's low pay economy, Feminist Review, 2010, 94, 1, 93–116.
- The business case for the living wage: the story of the cleaning service at Queen Mary [PDF 1.52 MB]
- The living wage report press release [DOC 83 KB]
A report prepared for the Social Care Commission and Civic Engagement Commission for the London Methodist District 2007
- Mapping Low Pay in East London (2001) for TELCO [DOC 350 KB]
Research into the Development of Job Rotation in London, funded by the European Social Fund (2001-2)
I welcome enquiries from students wanting to explore topics related to my research and particularly, the areas of community organising, localism and the living wage.
Students can find further information about the process of application here.
- Paula Hamilton (ESRC CASE with the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF), main supervisor with Adrian Smith) Lubricating Globalisation: Transnational Corporations, Labour and the Logistics Revolution
- Francisco Salvini (QMUL Scholarship, second supervisor with Jon May) Struggles for the Right to the City: Assembling politics on the streets of Barcelona
- Erica Pani (ESRC-funded, main supervisor with Roger Lee) Emerging economic geographies of higher education: a complex negotiation of value(s) in the face of market hegemony
- James Scott (ESRC-funded, main supervisor with Jon May) The future of social democracy: The British Labour Party and community organising
- Liam Harney (ESRC-funded, second supervisor with Jon May) Expanding the commons of the Big Society
- Jenny McCurry (ESRC-funded, joint supervisor with Cathy McIlwaine) An examination of the transnational dimensions of trade union activity in the context of migrant worker activism: A comparative case study of trade unions in Britain and Germany
- Simon Bills (Southampton University Scholarship) New retailing spaces PhD awarded September 1998 Geography and sexuality
- David Wright (Southampton University Scholarship) Geography and sexuality PhD awarded Autumn 1999
- Andrew Lincoln (ESRC) The geography of employee-ownership PhD awarded November 1999
- Jane Holgate (ESRC CASE with the TUC) Organising black and minority ethnic workers in the UK PhD awarded June 2004
- Anibel Ferus-Comelo (Queen Mary Scholarship, Antipode Scholar and supported by grant from the Developing Areas Research Group of the RGS-IBG) Globalisation and Labour: Electronics manufacturing PhD awarded February 2005
- Lina Jamoul (ESRC CASE with the Citizens Organising Foundation (COF) supported by additional grant from the ESRC to study in the USA for 10 weeks) The art of politics: Broad-based organising in Britain PhD awarded July 2006
- Jeremy Anderson (New Zealand Government Top Achievers Scholarship) Lines of flight in transnational labour organisation PhD awarded 2009
- Antony Ince (ESRC-funded) Anarchism and geography PhD awarded 2010
- Ann-Cecilie Bergene (Department of Geography, University of Oslo) Labour internationalism PhD awarded 2010
- Kate Hardy (ESRC-funded) Sex worker organising in Argentina PhD awarded 2010
Students have gone on to work in academic posts (Holgate, Hardy), to trade union research departments (Hamilton, Anderson), to freelance research work (Ferus-Comelo), to research posts in the civil service (Lincoln) and to work as a community organiser (Jamoul).
My research into London’s Migrant Division of Labour and on-going research into the progress and impact of the living wage has helped to underpin the work of Citizens UK’s living wage campaign. It has made a number of contributions by providing:
- intelligence to underpin the successful campaign for the living wage;
- evidence of the business case for the living wage;
- support for the new Living Wage Foundation;
- calculations of the impact of the living wage campaign (in relation to employers, jobs and the redistribution of money);
- dissemination of the living wage as a public policy response to the growing problem of in-work poverty in the UK.
This work has been widely cited in television, radio and press coverage in the UK but has also been picked up by journalists and activists in Australia, Canada, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Sweden and the United States of America. For examples, please see my living wage website (LINK) and these articles give you a flavour of this work:
I have a long-term collaborative relationship with Citizens UK that shapes both research and teaching. Our undergraduate students are taught research methods through working with local organisers and member community groups. Students have contributed to on-going campaigns to ensure a sustainable legacy from the 2012 Olympic games; to hold our Mayors (Livingstone and Johnson) accountable to the people; and to win the living wage for low waged workers in London. Our masters students take up a placement with Citizens UK to work as a community organiser as part of their training. There is more information about their placements on the programme website.