Juniperus communis is a thickly branched evergreen
bush. Its form varies from flat and creeping to erect
and narrow and can aggregate into quite a dense mass
(Tansley, 1939). Occasionally it may grow to a single
stemmed tree up to 10m high (Vedel and Lange, 1978).
It is characterised by its berry-like cones, which
unlike conifers, do not have scales that are woody
and separate, but the scales grow together and are
juicy and fleshy. The bark is thin and can be grey-brown
to red-brown in colour and with age begins to peel
off in small flakes. The leaves are either needle-like
or scale-like. The upper side of the tapering needles
are bluish and the underside a darker green (Vedel
and Lange, 1978).