Friday 8 July 2016
Around a quarter of a million Latin Americans live in the UK, with over half (145,000) in London. The Latin American population is one of the fastest growing migrant populations in London, with two-thirds having arrived since 2000.
This new research, which is a collaboration between Professor Cathy McIlwaine from the School of Geography at QMUL and the Latin American Women’s Rights Service (LAWRS), funded by independent charity Trust for London, sheds new light on the population and offers policy recommendations.
Country of origin and place in London
Brazilians are the largest national group, making up over a third of the Latin American population in London, followed by Colombians (around a fifth). The next largest groups are from Ecuador, Argentina, Venezuela and Mexico. The proportions are similar in the rest of the UK.
Of those living in the capital, more than two-thirds are in Inner London, with particularly large concentrations in Lambeth and Southwark, followed by Brent, Westminster, Wandsworth and Haringey.
Young population with high employment rates
It is a particularly young population with two-thirds aged under 40, though this is similar to other migrant populations in London. This age profile is perhaps why employment rates are high, at nearly 70%,
Well educated, doing essential work but low paid
A quarter of Latin Americans work in low-paid elementary jobs (for example as cleaners, kitchen assistants, porters, waiting staff and security guards) and a further fifth in other low-paid sectors such as caring, sales and processing. When compared with other migrant groups in London, only Romanians have higher proportions of those working in low-paid elementary jobs.
In addition, three-quarters of OLAs earn less than the London Living Wage (LLW), much higher than the London average of one fifth who earn below the LLW. Added to this is the fact that nearly half of OLAs have experienced problems at work. This includes around one in five not being paid for work carried out and nearly one in 10 experiencing verbal abuse.
Housing and access to health services
Half of all Latin Americans in London live in private rental housing, double the average for London.
Their levels of access to health services remain low. For example, although 90 per cent of OLAs have used the NHS for themselves or their family, around one in six are not registered with a GP and nearly seven in 10 have not used a dentist.
The report contains a number of recommendations on employment, housing, access to health services and improving monitoring data. The recommendations include:
- Public bodies to ensure ethnic monitoring includes a ‘Latin American’ category in areas with large Latin American populations
- Providing high-quality, affordable and accessible language classes, including provision by employers within the workplace
- Better enforcement of labour rights in London, particularly in low-paid sectors such as cleaning, catering and hospitality. This should include the establishment of a London-wide body by the Mayor of London to tackle unlawful and exploitative employment practices.
“As one of London’s fastest growing migrant communities, Latin Americans make an essential contribution to how the city operates economically, socially and culturally. Yet only recently have Latin Americans begun to emerge from the shadows of invisibility as a population. While they are a diverse community, many end up having to work in low-paid jobs and live in poor quality housing because of their lack of English language skills, despite being very well educated. Yet in analysing two data sets of more established and more recently arrived Latin Americans, this research also shows that Latin Americans do integrate successfully as long as they receive support and recognition as a community” – said Professor McIlwaine who directed the project.
Cathy McIlwaine is Professor of Geography in the School of Geography where she has worked since 1995, and been a professor since 2012. With a background in development geography, mainly in Latin America, she has actively sought to work across geographical and disciplinary boundaries through her research on transnational migration in London. Her research has consistently focused on issues of gender, poverty, civil society, as well as everyday and gender-based violence. She has always worked at the interface of policy and academic work and has research partnerships with the Latin American Women’s Rights Service and CASA Latin American Theatre Festival and is a trustee of Children Change Colombia and Latin Elephant.
She recently held her inaugural lecture entitled From América Latina to Latin London: negotiating (in)visible geographies of international migration at QMUL. She is pictured here with friend, colleague and co-author of many books, Sylvia Chant, Professor of Development Geography at LSE.
Find out more:
- Learn more about Professor Cathy McIlwaine and her research
- Read the Key findings (PDF) and the Full report (PDF) of the Towards Visibility research project – co-authored by Diego Bunge, former Postdoctoral Research Assistant in the School of Geography
- Read the full QMUL press release
- Read more on The Guardian and watch a short film about the project on YouTube
- See more images from Cathy’s inaugural lecture on Flickr, follow her on Twitter @McIlwaineC and read her article in the Brasil Observer